In this book Liliane Haegeman presents an account of sentential negation within a Government and Binding framework. Building on the work of Klima and Lasnik, Haegeman demonstrates the parallelism between negative sentences and interrogative sentences, and gives a unified analysis in terms of a well-formedness condition on syntactic representations: the AFFECT criterion, instantiated as the WH-criterion in interrogative sentences and as the NEG-criterion in negative sentences. It is shown that in the same way that in many languages the WH-criterion gives rise to WH-movement, the NEG-criterion may also give rise to NEG-movement. This is particularly clear in the Germanic languages. In the analysis of sentential negation in Romance languages the author makes extensive use of the notion of representational chain, showing that in these languages too the NEG-criterion applies at the level of S-structure. In addition to providing a syntactic analysis of sentential negation the book also raises a number of theoretical issues such as that of the distinction between A-positions and A'-positions and the level of application of well-formedness conditions. This book will be of interest to all those working on theoretical syntax, particularly of the Germanic and Romance languages.
Preface 1. Introduction 2. The WH-criterion and the NEG-criterion 3. NEG-movement and the NEG-criterion 4. The application of the NEG-criterion 5. A-positions and A'-positions and the syntax of negation 6. The syntax of negative operators Notes References Index
Language Family(ies): Germanic
Author: Guglielmo Cinque
Paperback: ISBN: 0521022924 Pages: Price: U.K. £ 27.00
Paperback: ISBN: 0521022924 Pages: Price: U.S. $ 48.00
Guglielmo Cinque is one of the world's leading theoretical syntacticians, and is particularly known for his application of recent theory to the analysis of Italian. This volume brings together ten of Professor Cinque's essays, some of which are published here for the first time, and some of which have not hitherto been easily available. They explore a wide range of aspects of Italian syntax, including the grammar of relative and 'pseudo-relative' clauses in the complement of perception verbs, impersonal si constructions, and the position and argument structure of adjectives in the noun phrase. The volume considers the implications of Cinque's work on Italian syntax for generative grammar more broadly, and compares Italian with the syntax of other Romance and also Germanic languages. It will be welcomed by all those working on Italian syntax, and on theoretical syntax generally.
Introduction 1. On extraction from NP in Italian 2. On the theory of relative clauses and markedness 3. Bare quantifiers: quantified NPs and the notion of operator at S-structure 4. On si constructions and the theory of arb 5. Ci si 6. On a difference between English and Italian 'Complement Object Deletion' constructions 7. Ergative adjectives and the lexicalist hypothesis 8. The pseudo-relative and ACC-ing constructions after verbs of perception 9. On leftward movement of tutto in Italian 10. On the evidence for partial N movement in the Romance DP References Index