LINGUIST List 15.2828
Sun Oct 10 2004
Qs: Negation/Boraana Oromo; Voicing Contrasts
Editor for this issue: Naomi Fox <foxlinguistlist.org>
Negation of non-verbal sentences in Boraana Oromo
Restrictions On Voicing Contrasts
Message 1: Negation of non-verbal sentences in Boraana Oromo
From: Ljuba Veselinova <ljubaling.su.se>
Subject: Negation of non-verbal sentences in Boraana Oromo
I would like to get more data on the negation of non-verbal sentences
in Boraana Oromo. I used Harry Stroomer?s grammar (1995, Köln: Köppe
Verlag) so I think I have the basic facts. However, the questions listed below
(1) Do the negative copulas miiti, niiti, niini occur in statements which refer
to time other than the present?
(2) Can one use the standard negative prefix hin- with the locative-existential
(3) I have the same question about the verb taa which is used as a copula in
positive non-verbal sentences with non-present time reference e.g. ?he was
rich? or ?he will be rich?. How is taa negated?
Any pointers to relevant literature or to people who can provide me with data
will be greatly appreciated. I will summarize if there is interest.
Linguistic Field(s): Typology
Subject Language(s): Oromo, Borana-arsi-guji Language Code: GAX
Message 2: Restrictions On Voicing Contrasts
From: Jordan Brewer <jbbreweremail.arizona.edu>
Subject: Restrictions On Voicing Contrasts
We are attempting to assemble a list of languages that are either 1) unusually
permissive or 2) unusually restrictive in the environments in which they allow
a voicing contrast. As an example of an unusually permissive language, Khasi
allows a voicing contrast between a word edge and an obstruent, i.e. #bsa vs
#psa, as well as in the more usual environments such as word initially before
a vowel, word finally after a vowel, intervocalically, etc. Lithuanian, as an
of an unusually restrictive language, allows a voicing contrast only
e.g., aba vs apa.
If you know of other languages that in your estimation are either unusually
permissive, or unusually restrictive in the environments supporting a voicing
contrast, please drop us a line and let us know about them.
Thanks for your help,
Dept of Linguistics
University of Arizona
Linguistic Field(s): Language Description; Phonology; Typology
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