LINGUIST List 14.851

Mon Mar 24 2003

Qs: Linguistic Scanning Software, Polysynthesis

Editor for this issue: Naomi Fox <>

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  1. John Kyle, OCR software preferences
  2. Florian Zellmayer, Polysynthesis -- Additive Combining Forms

Message 1: OCR software preferences

Date: Sun, 23 Mar 2003 16:32:10 -0600
From: John Kyle <>
Subject: OCR software preferences

I recently purchased my first scanner and have been trying my hand at
scanning documents. The software which came with the scanner has many
of the major world's languages but many of the documents I hope to
scan are written in either IPA or various 'Americanist' alphabets with
plenty of diacritics. If you could email me personally with the
different types of software you prefer for doing linguist scanning I
would gladly post a summary. Also, please include any tips or tricks
you use. Thank you in advance

John Kyle
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Message 2: Polysynthesis -- Additive Combining Forms

Date: Thu, 20 Mar 2003 12:22:22 +0000
From: Florian Zellmayer <>
Subject: Polysynthesis -- Additive Combining Forms

Dear linguists,

I'm looking for languages with additive combining forms. They will, I
expect, be mostly polysynthetic languages, but any other type is of
interest to me as well.
Assume a morpheme X occurs either in morphological isolation as X, or
as the sole major lexical category morpheme in a word ...X...
Now, the morpheme X has an additive combining as I understand it if X
needs some marker x if it occurs in a compound as in XxY or YXx or the
like, or in a word which contains more than one major lexical class
morpheme such as ...Xx...Y... for instance.
Note that ''additive combining forms'' are not the same as linkers. A
linker is more or less automatically inserted between two or more
major lexical class morphemes in compounds or polysynthetic forms,
whereas an additive combining form is used to derive a bound form Xx
or xX from a free morpheme X. Note further that, as stated above, that
these things are only relevant to open lexical class morphemes, and
that inflection does not count. So for instance, /bird/ in /bird-s/ is
still in isolation as it is the sole major lexical class morpheme in
/bird-s/. If /bird/ was to enter into a compound such as /black-bird/,
it is no longer in isolation.
An example of an additive combining form from Washo is below (Mithun
/m�:k'o/ ''knee'', NOUN
/m�:k'o-E/ ''knee'', LEXICAL PREFIX
/m�:k'o-E-�we'/ > /m�:k'oy�we'/ ''to kneel'', VERB
I'm looking forward to your answers, and I'd be happy if you'd add
references as well. I'll post a summary.
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