LINGUIST List 14.297

Wed Jan 29 2003

Books: Language Description, Abkhaz: Chirikba

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  1. LINCOM.EUROPA, Abkhaz: Chirikba

Message 1: Abkhaz: Chirikba

Date: Wed, 29 Jan 2003 12:24:51 +0000
Subject: Abkhaz: Chirikba

Title: Abkhaz
Series Title: Languages of the World/Materials 119
Publication Year: 2003
Publisher: Lincom Europa
Availability: Available
Author: Viacheslav A. Chirikba, University of Leiden 

Hardback: ISBN: 3895851367, Pages: 88pp., Price: USD 40 / EUR 40 / GBP

Abkhaz is one of the three languages comprising the Abkhazo-Adyghean,
or West Caucasian branch of North Caucasian linguistic family (the
other branch being Nakh-Daghestanian, or East Caucasian). Abkhaz is
spoken by approximately 100,000 people in the former Soviet Union
(mainly in the Republic of Abkhazia, Caucasus), and by at least the
same number of speakers in Turkey and some Middle east countries
(small Abkhaz colonies can be found also in Western Europe and the
USA). Abkhaz is notorious for ist huge consonantal inventory (up to 67
consonants in the Bzyp dialect) and by its minmal vocalic system: only
2 vowels. Though Abkhaz was studied by a number of scholars
(e.g. P. Uslar in XIX century, or K. Lomtatidze in Georgia and
G. Hewitt in Great Britain), many aspects of Abkhaz grammar
(especially its syntax) still have to be adequately described. Abkhaz
is the only West Caucasian language to possess the category of
grammatical classes, manifested in personal pronouns, verb
conjugation, numerals and in the category of number.

Abkhaz is an ergative language, the ergative construction being
represented not by case endings, as in related Circassian and Ubykh
(Abkhaz does not have a case system), but by the order of actant
markers. The verbal root consists usually of one consonant, preceded
by a string of prefixes (class-personal, directional, temporal,
negational, causatival, etc.) and followed by few suffixes. Verbs can
be stative or dynamic, finite or non-finite. The grammatical sketch
of Abkhaz includes information about its phonological system,
morphology, and syntax. A short text is provided with grammatical
Lingfield(s): Language Description
Subject Language(s): Abkhaz (Language Code: ABK)

Written In: English (Language Code: ENG)

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