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|Subject:||Alternative Verb Conjugations|
|Question:||I am looking for examples of two alternative sets of verb conjugations for the same tense, aspect, or mood that co-exist in a language. As an example, modern Spanish has two distinct conjugations for the imperfect subjunctive. The older conjugation ends in -se and comes from Latin's pluperfect subjunctive. The newer conjugation ends in -ra and comes from Latin's pluperfect indicative. The -ra set is more popular in the spoken language but -se is still used in written Spanish, and I have occasionally heard it spoken. There are some minor differences in usage but when it comes to the primary functions of the imperfect subjunctive, -se and -ra are interchangeable. Do you know of other examples? Thanks, Judy Hochberg, Fordham University|
|Reply:||The development of the dental preterite in Proto-Germanic, coexisting with the PIE ablaut verb forms would be another example. Unfortunately we have no evidence as the the socio-linguistic context of this early development.|
|Reply From:||Herbert Frederic Stahlke click here to access email|